Religious life was dominated by religious charitable organizations often building mosques or fountains and providing charity to the poor. However, Bulgaria, dissatisfied with its share of the first Balkan War, occupied Kosovo in and took Pristina under Bulgarian occupation. There ensued mass killings of Serbs, in particular colonists, and an exodus of tens of thousands of Serbs. Economic life was controlled by the guild system esnafs with the tanners' and bakers' guild controlling prices, limiting unfair competition and acting as banks for their members.
They left behind their homes, properties and businesses. During the train ride many people had their identification papers taken from them. Brotherhood and unity was a popular slogan of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. Pristina, like the rest of Kosovo slid into a deepening economic and social crisis. In , Pristina had few paved roads, the old town houses had running water and Cholera was still a problem. At the end of the war the Serbs became victims of violence committed by Kosovo Albanian extremists. During the course of Operation Horseshoe , a number of people were killed. This ended a long period when the institution had been run as an outpost of Belgrade University and gave a major boost to Albanian-language education and culture in Kosovo. The Jews were later deported to Germany, where many were killed. Massive investments in state institutions like the newly founded University of Pristina , the construction of new high-rise socialist apartment blocks and a new industrial zone on the outskirts of Pristina attracted large number of internal migrants. The city played an important role in the development of one of the most important cities in Dardania. On 17 April , Yugoslavia surrendered unconditionally to axis forces. He contributed a force of 6, Albanian soldiers to the Austrian army which had arrived in Pristina. Economic life was controlled by the guild system esnafs with the tanners' and bakers' guild controlling prices, limiting unfair competition and acting as banks for their members. Plaque on a war memorial in Pristina. In a misguided effort to modernize the town, communists set out to destroy the Ottoman bazaar and large parts of the historic center, including mosques, catholic churches and Ottoman houses. As early as , Pristina artisans also started producing gunpowder. As a result, the city's population and its economy changed rapidly. A plethora of new cafes, restaurants and private businesses opened to cater for new and international demand with the beginning of a new era for Pristina. For their strategic importance, however, a number of military targets were hit in Pristina during NATO's aerial campaign, including the post office, police headquarters and army barracks today's Adem Jashari garrison on the road to Kosovo Polje. The text reads At this location on October 23, , German Nazis executed Albanian patriots who gave their lives for the freedom and independence of their country - Society of anti-Nazi and national liberation veterans of Kosovo. The city suffered tremendous damage from an earthquake in AD. A French officer traveling to Pristina noted soon afterwards that "Pristina looked impressive from a distance but close up it is a mass of muddy streets and houses made of earth". The city features warm summers and relatively cold, often snowy winters. The first historical record mentioning Pristina by its name dates back to when the Byzantine Emperor John VI Kantakouzenos described Pristina as a 'village'. Climate data for Pristina — Month.
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