Civil right groups,   law reform activists,    academics,   some child safety advocates,       politicians  and law enforcement officials  think that current laws often target the wrong people, swaying attention away from high-risk sex offenders, while severely impacting lives of all registrants,     and their families,   attempting to re-integrate to society. Offense classified as Tier I offense in one state with no public disclosure, might be classified as Tier II or Tier III offense in another, leading to considerably longer registration period and public disclosure. Application to offenses other than felony sexual offenses[ edit ] Sex offender registration has been applied to crimes other than rape, child molestation, and child pornography offenses and is sometimes applied to certain non-sexual offenses. Residency restrictions may even cause a sex offender's family to be homeless. People listed on the register are prohibited from working with children or mentally disabled people, from managing institutions that care for children or mentally disabled people, and from being foster parents or adoptive parents.
If a felon in Florida is convicted of enough non-sexual felonies in a certain period of time, however, they are required to register for the rest of their life on a "Habitual Offender" registry that is available to the general public. United Kingdom[ edit ] In the United Kingdom, the Violent and Sex Offender Register ViSOR is a database of records of those required to register with the Police under the Sexual Offences Act , those jailed for more than 12 months for violent offences, and unconvicted people thought to be at risk of offending. News reports in revealed that some registered sex offenders were living outside or under the Julia Tuttle Causeway in Miami, Florida because Miami-Dade County ordinances, which are more restrictive than Florida's state laws, made it virtually impossible for them to find housing. Sex offender registries in the United States consist of federal and state level systems designed to collect information of convicted sex offenders for law enforcement and public notification purposes. A majority of states apply systems based on conviction offenses only, where sex offender registration is mandatory if person pleads or is found guilty of violating any of the listed offenses. A study found no evidence that New York's registry or notification laws reduced sexual offenses by rapists, child molesters, sexual recidivists, or first-time sex offenders. These crimes are rarely reported in the media or prosecuted. Montana, for example, has a publicly accessible violent offender registry that includes crimes such as aggravated assault, robbery, assaulting a police officer, both deliberate and non-deliberate homicide and a third conviction for domestic violence. If a person is found to be indigent by the courts, the State Police can waive the fee. This proposed register has received support from both the ruling National Party and the opposition Labour Party. Regardless of whether they are at work, offenders must extinguish all outside residential lighting and post a sign stating, "No candy or treats at this residence - sex offender at this residence". In Indiana, counties can mandate registrants pay a fee, but 10 percent of that has be sent to the state, to pay for maintaining their sex offender registry, she said. However political lobby group the Sensible Sentencing Trust has criticised the proposed register for its lack of public access. Level Tier I, Level II, and Level III offenders, information is usually accessible related to that level information being more accessible to the public for higher level offenders. Information pertaining to names, addresses, physical description and vehicles are made public via official websites. This Sex Offenders Registry is only accessible to the Police Service and other branches of government. However, the study also found that making sex offender registration publicly available may deter some potential first time sex offenders from committing an offense that would get them on the registry in the first place. This made Agan question whether creating sex offender registries was a rational idea. The sex offenders' register is expected to be operational by once enabling legislation is passed and changes are made to the Corrections Act to enable information sharing. Sex offenders' spouses and children can also face harassment and financial hardship as a result of their loved one's sex offender status. Melinda Gibbons Prunty would, if approved, create an annual fee that would be paid by people required to register with the state sex offender registry. In some states, they may also be barred from voting after a sentence has been completed and, at the federal level, barred from owning firearms, like all felons. Prunty said the fee would be reinstated after the person found work and was no longer determined to be indigent. The bill is co-sponsored by Rep. In some jurisdictions, they cannot live within a certain distance of places children or families gather. Some states appear to apply "catch-all" statutes for former registrants moving into their jurisdiction, requiring registration and public posting of information, even when the person has completed their original registration period. In general, in states applying risk-based registry schemes, low-risk Tier I offenders are often excluded from the public disclosure.
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