Prediction of HIV acquisition among men who have sex with men. HIV prevention research for men who have sex with men: However, hypotheses about how sex and contraceptive use change over time are more plentiful than evidence that can actually speak to these questions. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. HIV transmission risk through anal intercourse:
At its inception, the U. Back of the line: We expect these beliefs and experiences to translate to lower rates of contraceptive use among black women and also translate to particular avoidance of methods that require interaction with a health care provider e. HIV and the Black Community: However, hypotheses about how sex and contraceptive use change over time are more plentiful than evidence that can actually speak to these questions. Black young people [are more likely to have had sexual intercourse, to have initiated sexual activity at earlier ages, and to have had multiple sexual partners in their lifetime than white young people Cavazos-Rehg et al. Legacy of Eugenics Although poverty may affect contraceptive use, given that poor women are less likely to have insurance 3 Ebrahim et al. More discontinuation of contraceptive use, a greater number of different contraceptive methods used, and more method switches. Hypothesis 1 Relationships and Sex: Systematic review, meta-analysis and implications for HIV prevention. And Burton and Tucker described this unreliability and insecurity in the lives of poor African American women—intermittent, low-wage employment, and few alternatives e. Hypothesis 3 Contraceptive Method: Data and Methods Data The RDSL study began with a representative random, population-based sample of 1, young women, ages 18—19, residing in a single Michigan county. In the United States, black young people grow up in more religious families than their white counterparts, with the vast majority attending historically black churches e. Still a sexual health staple. Among those reporting breakage, prevalence was Although this representativeness may extend to YBMSM residing in other midsize southern cities, it is not known whether similar findings would occur in other populations of MSM. The specific analytic sample for each outcome is described in more detail in the next section. And although the most effective method for pregnancy prevention—long-acting reversible contraception LARC —was used more often by black women than white women, LARC use was low in both groups. Religious doctrine generally opposes premarital sex, and religious young people are more likely than those who are not religious to delay first sex, avoid premarital sex, and have fewer sexual partners Manlove et al. Among women of all ages, the unintended pregnancy rate for blacks is more than twice that of whites Finer and Zolna , as is the percentage of unintended births Mosher et al. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. These urethral infections in HIV-positive men may, in turn, facilitate the transmission of HIV to sex partners during condomless sex or when breakage occurs. Possible mediating variables for these last 2 study findings warrant further investigation.
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